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Seo Link Building – Revitalize Your Web Presence Thanks to Link Building.

Many web marketers or website owners outsource their backlink building to link building agency. Mostly because creating backlinks will take time and isn’t very interesting work. The problem is however, that aside from creating great content and doing basic SEO on your own site, backlinking is the most essential thing with regards to your websites ranking. Then when it isn’t done properly, it may be disastrous for the rankings in the various search engines. Everyone knows that bad rankings lead to bad traffic and therefore brings about bad business.

Search engines count backlinks as votes to your site. The greater number of authority or pagerank this vote emanates from, the greater number of authority this backlink gives to the site. Google relies on a pagerank system containing pageranks from to 10, being less “important” then this pagerank 10. A backlink from the site by using a pagerank of 5 has more authority then dozens of backlinks from the pagerank site. This does not mean that you simply only need high pagerank backlinks, one does require a first step toward pagerank backlinks to make it look natural to the various search engines. However those which will really boost your rankings come from sites having a pagerank of 2 to 10. To ensure that explains why a link building service needs to offer you high pagerank links.

By an anchor text we mean the clickable or highlighted section of the backlink that may be created. This key phrases must be your keyword or keyword phrase. Should your backlink fails to have a targeted anchor-text your link is not really that effective SEO wise. The service that you use should always ask you to your anchor-text.

You will find basically 2 varieties of attributes in relation to backlinks. The nofollow and the dofollow attribute. When a link provides the nofollow attribute, the search engines do click this link to your blog, but will not pass on the pagerank or authority of this site for your site. Put simply it is not necessarily going to help you building authority to the site. Backlinks who have the dofolllow attribute do pass the pagerank of your site that they can originate from and can help you build authority in your site. So always make sure that the service that you outsource your linkbuilding to builds dofollow backlinks to your site.

In the event you pay for let’s say one hundred baclinks, you wish to obtain a hundred backlinks, now and in some months from now. There are actually services that produce backlinks on sites that can charge a fee for your personal backlink following the first month to keep linking in your site. A very effective way of creating high pagerank backlinks is making blog comments on high pagerank blogs. These comments sometimes get deleted so make sure that if this happens, your building links service dexypky06 any deleted links the first month roughly.

Websites which may have the .gov or .edu extension have a great authority by nature. These are mostly educational or government orientated and this means these people have a high value to the search engines. It may be quite challenging links of those sites so some link-building services don’t deliver them or charge more for people links. Provided you can have them within your package you will have an extra bonus in addition to your high pagerank links.

You can find services that produce spam comments on blogs to have their backlinks. What this does is build a bad name for your website and they get deleted anyway. When the service employs blog commenting the comments they place should a minimum of reflect on the article they are commenting on so as to make it seem like an ordinary comment.

When you work with a professional link-building service they provides you with a written report from the links that they developed for you. The report should include the url from the sites your links where created, the pagerank of those sites and also the anchor text that had been utilized for the link.

They are the important aspects every professional link-building service needs to have so be sure to talk with them once they can present you with these facilities prior to hire them.

The article author of this information is the dog owner of your professional link-building service called Backlinkblitzers. This specific service is frequently used by internet marketers and other site owners that outsource their link building to enhance their rankings.

Removal Junk Herndon Va – Make Use of Each of These 6 Recommendations Whenever You Are Going Shopping for the Most Suitable Junk Herndon Va Business.

You realize it’s spring once you see the piles of junk outside people’s homes. That’s whenever you pull into the garage to see each of the crap piled up. How do we even get such piles of stuff everywhere? We attempt to acquire only what we should absolutely need. Look at the money wasted in items that you desire you needed never even brought to your home. Or perhaps worse is definitely the piles of things people gave you, but you felt obligated for taking that it is polite.

Surprisingly there are rules and quite often fees for the things you’re tossing. As an example you could actually have the ability to generate income off from appliances. You must have enough to junk removal company herndon va to get them worthwhile or you can deliver them nevertheless, you get money from the ton. Sometimes it’s easier to give these away. Televisions, computer monitors, refrigerators, air conditioning units, dehumidifiers, paint cans, propane tanks and tires all have a fee connected with getting rid of them. This might even be why you discover their whereabouts usually outside someone’s home. Paying to throw things away can be quite a hard pill to swallow. At some point however, you need your yard or garage back.

Sometimes the mess isn’t even yours. Someone you care about passes and every one of their stuff is left to you personally. You hold a yard sale and you have family go through and take what is dear to them, but you’re 81dexupky left with the much. You hate to toss it, but no person needs this much stuff. Plus you hate to say it, however, some of it is really just trash. Sometimes in cases such as these you really should employ a professional to come and complete the cleanup.

Have you thought about a family member that is experiencing a hoarding problem? Just about everyone has seen that home. For quite a while it’s not much of a big issue with no one says anything. Neighbors can get postpone and perhaps the town points out an ordinance your loved one is breaking. They could go up to now regarding ask that your beloved begin junk removal immediately. Although this was probably a very long time coming it’s likely to be quite a long time cleaning. In such a case, it might be also wise to call a removal company.

No matter the route you take, getting a dumpster, or working with a professional, junk removal is difficult. Having back your tidy garage is going to be fabulous. Could you suppose that your cars could fit in there?

Examresultalerts – Look at This Extensive Guide About Examresultalerts.com.

An Entrance Examination is definitely an Examination that is conducted by various Educational Facilities to select students for admission in various College or Universities. These examresultalerts can be administered at any measure of education, though these are conducted at higher-level of education. Entrance Examinations are definitely the Testing Grounds for almost any Student to judge one’s abilities and capabilities with regards to the Admission into an Institution he/she has chosen and in relation to one’s chosen Academic Stream. Many of the Entrance Examination are conducted by Elite Institutes. These Institutes are known for their Superior Result oriented, cream of Faculty and Candidates and as such have gained lots of Reputation. The majority of the Popular Entrance Examinations in India are AIEEE, JEE, CLAT, MBBS, BDS among others. Indian Entrance Examinations are widespread with just about a lot of the Institutes conducting their very own separate Entrance Examinations on the very same basis as of National Entrance Examinations. Several of the Entrance Examinations just like the IIT-JEE, CAT and AIPMT are considered on the list of toughest in the world, with JEE possessing a rate of success of about 1 in 45. Over the year these Examinations have gained high importance, have grown to be very topical, important and during this process has garnered controversies that have affected students, parents as well as the administrators.

Past of Indian Entrance Examinations

Entrance Examinations emerged with establishment in the University of Calcutta in 1857. The University introduced the Entrance Examination, primarily to make a decision regarding who has been eligible for admittance to the University. The Examination attained the Status of your School Leaving Examination. Subsequently, the name was changed to Matriculation. After independence of India in 1947, the Examination System was further revised: the Secondary Examination after class X was referred to as Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC) exam along with the examination after class XII was called Higher Secondary Examination (HSC). Nevertheless the Modern Entrance Examinations today owe their existence for the various IIT’s (Indian Institute of Technology) create through the 1950’s. It was actually the IITs which introduced the All-India Joint Entrance Examinations (JEE) for their admissions. The logic behind introducing these as formal 83dexupky was that varied marks of several school boards could not be employed to develop a common merit list. Ever since the inception of JEE, various Indian States followed the pattern and started Entrance Tests for admission in respective states. Soon the Central Board of Secondary Education started PMT (Pre Medical Test) for select medical colleges in the united states and also the All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE) for admission to National Institutes of Technology (NITs) and also for just about any engineering institution which can go for it.

Entrance Examinations kept in India

Most of the Government and Private Educational Institutes conduct Entrance Examinations for a variety of professional courses. These Entrance Examinations are simply Multiple Choice Question Papers or maybe more popularly called MCQ’s from the Academic Lingo. This Pattern was introduced since it was considered that scores obtained by school students are derived from conventional, long-answer papers which could not represent the particular potential of the student. The main reason receiving these scores can represent a Human Examiner’s Errors and as a result these could be unacceptable in the closely competitive environment where a good mark or two could affect a student’s career. This subjectivity was eliminated with the creation of a particular Examiner. It is called OMR (Optical Mark Recognition) reading Laser that was introduced in 2006.

Usually Engineering Institutes in India admit 15% with their students with the national-level AIEEE along with the remaining 85% based on their scores within the entrance exam conducted by the state when the college can be found.

Currency and Transfers – Practice These Eight Helpful Hints as You Are Thinking Over the Best Choice Currency and Transfer Quotes.

The pound has plummeted to under 1.15 against the euro and 1.3 against the dollar, the best for a long time. So finding the currency and transfers is much more essential than in the past. But this information is not about holiday money. It’s about those who have to send small sums regularly, and the ones making large one-off transfers, including buying a holiday property. It reveals that some providers are perfect for large sums, but pricey for smaller transfers – and it also lets you know to protect yourself from PayPal, which became available particularly poorly in your price survey.

Consumers should first cut through any nonsense about “no fees” or “no commission”. Your key question must be: “After all of the charges, the number of euros/yen/dollars etc am i going to get for X pounds?” To do this, check how much you might be offered versus the mid-market “interbank rate”, the rate used when banks trade between another. You can examine the live interbank rate on XE.com.

Secondly, you may be reasonably certian that this deal made available from your high street bank will be pretty lousy, unless you are a “premier” type customer transferring huge sums.

James Daley of Fairer Finance says: “Almost all major banks charge lots of money for transferring money overseas, and offer a poor exchange rate to boot. The great thing is that a variety of alternatives provide you with much better value.”

Our third golden rule is the fact, if transferring a sizeable sum in to a foreign account, first send a compact sum and check it really has been received, all the to make sure you have sent it to the right account as everything else. Only then in case you send the full amount.

Just about all major banks charge lots of money for transferring money overseas, and offer a poor exchange rate to boot

James Daley, Fairer Finance

Finally, remember there is certainly relatively limited protection should things get it wrong. The currency brokers can be “authorised” with the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) or maybe “registered”. Authorised firms ought to keep clients’ money apart from the company’s own funds. When a firm is merely registered with all the FCA there’s a danger all of the money is incorporated in the same pot and may be lost when the company went bust.

“Even if a firm is FCA authorised, it’s crucial that you realize that there is absolutely no defense against the Financial Services Compensation Scheme within this sector,” says Daley. “So if your firm goes bust because of fraud, there’s still a possibility that you simply won’t get a refund. However, the potential risks if you’re using a big brand are fairly small.”

In 2010, Crown Foreign Exchange, situated in Hayle, Cornwall, went bust, leaving 3,000 people owed £20m. It used new customers’ cash to settle existing clients, in addition to fund purchasing a high end home. Three people active in the scam have already been jailed.

We obtained quotes for moving £200, £2,000 and £150,000 into euros and dollars. We conducted the test on 29 July when the pound was fetching €1.19 and $1.32 respectively, but sadly they have since fallen further.

Great for small sums When transferring £200 we found UKForex great for euros and TransferWise ideal for dollars. UKForex is FCA authorised as opposed to registered, and is also a subsidiary of your Australian group, OFX. TransferWise is actually a peer-to-peer service (see below), headquartered in London and run by Estonians. Investors in the business include Richard Branson.

Worst in this bracket were MoneyGram and NatWest, which will go to show the reason why you shouldn’t automatically use famous names. For £200, NatWest will give us only $229.31, compared to $260.94 from TransferWise.

Perfect for mid-size sums When transferring £2,000, the Currency Account (for euros) and TransferWise (dollars) were best. The Currency Account is really a relatively new and small company, formed in 2014, which is authorised from the FCA. It describes itself as being a “hybrid” peer-to-peer plus direct market access company.

Ideal for large sums We checked rates on moving £150,000, a sum where you would be seriously upset if anything went wrong. Again, the Currency Account came top for euros, though there was minimal between it as well as the other brokers. HiFX came top within the bracket for dollars. HiFX was established in 1998 and is one of the largest brokers, having transferred around £100bn since that time.

Currency brokers There are loads of currency brokers or money transfer specialists. Some examples are MoneyCorp, Currencies Direct, CaxtonFX, TorFX, HiFX, UKForex, FairFX, Azimo and Xendpay. They basically all advertise “bank beating” rates, but just how will they compare against the other person?

A few currency comparison sites are available, nonetheless they won’t necessarily get the best deal. If you’re looking for the most value for your money you will be better off likely to individual companies, acquiring a quote and asking the length of time the transfer is going to take. When you notice an organization offering a good deal, take a look at its reputation by using FXCompared, TrustPilot or perhaps a general Internet search.

Established firms are usually, however, not always, one of the most reliable. Some smaller brokers and “disruptive” web platforms temporarily stopped trading throughout the EU referendum aftermath.

Peer-to-peer services TransferWise is just one of a brand new type of peer-to-peer operators which eliminate financial institutions and brokers by offering an internet based meeting location for people planning to buy each other’s currencies. You don’t send your hard earned dollars directly, rather for the currency exchange firm which then passes it on.

“Our exchanges derive from free or extremely low-cost local banking accounts transfers. We don’t send money overseas, so can cut out the crazy fees that banks charge consumers,” says Taavet Hinrikus, co-founding father of TransferWise.

Another peer-to-peer platform, CurrencyFair, works in a similar way, even though exchange rates are set by its users. In cases where you can find no customers providing a reliable rate for the exchange, CurrencyFair will element of and match with you. The internet site claims customers typically pay .35% in the amount exchanged along with a fixed €3 transfer fee.

Additional options

If you need to pay in cash or transfer money quickly, Western Union and MoneyGram have branches around the high-street – but their services usually are not cheap and just suited to a small amount. And while companies are legitimate, they are often made use of by scammers, so be suspicious of strangers looking for payment this way.

PayPal could make it easy to send money overseas, but was the most expensive option in half the Guardian calculations. It whacks over a hefty conversion fee in order to pay someone in another currency.

This short article was amended on 22 August to fix the entire year where the Currency Account was put in place. It will have said 2014, not 2011.

… we have a small favour to ask. A lot more people are reading the Guardian than before but advertising revenues across the media are falling fast. And unlike many news organisations, we haven’t build a paywall – we want to keep our journalism as open while we can. In order to see why we must require your help. The Guardian’s independent, investigative journalism takes lots of time, money and work to make. But perform it because we feel our perspective matters – mainly because it might well be your perspective, too.

Camera Drone – Start Using These Four Pointers Anytime You Are Picking Out the Best Choice Best Point and Shoot Camera.

Photography has been the passion and hobby of countless people, and now many people are determining to jump with it. If you do, you may need a DSLR camera rather than a compact camera. DSLR cameras get the capabilities that compact digicams do not possess. You can not be prepared to get professional looking pictures just through a compact digicam. The nikon d7000 therefore provides you with advantages that you just cannot get through the compact camera.

DSLR cameras basically utilize an automatic mirror system that lets you take better and sharper pictures even during low light condition without the need for the flash. With compact cameras, you will have to allow the flash such conditions and the pictures will never be pretty much as good. DSLR cameras have superb ISO ratings, which refers back to the light sensitivity that can lead to high-quality pictures. One more thing is you can modify the lens of your camera depending on your photography approach and the occasion. For instance, a lens which is used to capture wildlife varies in the lens utilized to capture one particular butterfly. The lens types include normal lenses, wide-angle, telephoto, zoom, macro, teleconverter and fisheye. It is possible to further learn about which lens works best for different approaches and occasions. Having a few lenses will give you more flexibility, which there is no need with point and shoot. You can not have this flexibility utilizing a compact camera since the lens in pocket cameras is unchangeable. The best DSLR camera now offers zooming abilities. With compact cameras, zooming needs time to work and the more you zoom, the more blurry the image taken will probably be. Making use of the best DSLR camera, you 91dexupky quickly or slowly zoom the objects manually and never have to wait for a zooming process like in compact cameras. The manual zooming will not affect the quality of the images whatsoever. With this camera, you may experience no appreciable delay when taking photos as they utilize a mechanical system where the shutter will immediately perform its function if you press the button. Compact cameras have no shutter mechanism so there will be some delay when taking photos as it uses an electronic system.

The ideal DSLR camera will undoubtedly become more expensive than camera drone. However, you should always think about the benefits it provides, from the image quality, the practicality when taking picture, the changeable lenses amongst others. Although it will likely be heavier and harder to hold around compared to a compact camera, you could always obtain a camera bag that can make sure your camera as well as its lenses are secure and convenient to carry.

Towing Service New York City – Begin Using These Six Key Points Whilst You Are Researching the Ideal Towing Service New York.

A huge number of drivers all across the united states require towing service new york city almost on alternate days. With a rise in the volume of vehicles owned by American citizens, we have seen a noticeable rise in the volume of tow companies operating within Federal boundaries. And, based on market experts the number of tow dealers in US is certain to increase in the upcoming years.

The accessibility to many car towing companies sometimes puts you in dilemma regarding which dealer could possibly supply the best services. When you have the ability to acquire sufficient understanding of the generalized services that happen to be provided by tow dealers, you might be better-off than your counterparts in selecting a trustworthy tow company.

Some good information about various towing services that are usually accessible to US people

Light and Medium Towing – Most tow dealers in US provide towing services for light and medium duty vehicles. These firms are recognized to offer Jump starts, Lock-Outs, and the like other assistances. Should your vehicle has faced a collision and is left inside a pretty bad condition, a reputed tow company will help you ferry the car 99dexupky a close-by service station. The dealers are also competent at assisting you if there’s a breakdown or if perhaps the engine’s gone dead.

Off-recovery services – Sometimes you will probably find yourself in times where a vehicle malfunction offers the auto stuck around the roadside. Mostly, in such circumstances it is really not possible so that you can bring the auto back on road – this demands the expertise of an off-road recovery specialist. Majority of the towing companies in US have such specialists who can assist you continue your journey after bringing the vehicle back on road, with no damage to the machinery.

Winch-outs – It can be never very easy to push the automobile away from mud, snow, or ditch – using the car rolling backwards, towards you. Car towing companies have winches that may pull your automobile out from a swampy ditch, sand, or maybe the muddy front lawn.

Heavy Duty Towing Services – Tow dealers also provide high quality vehicle ferrying services. From tractor swaps to winch-outs, these firms are designed for providing exceptional roadside assistance, in case of a breakdown, flat tires, and so on.

Tape Binding Machine – Look at Virtually All Selections Whenever Investigating Deciding on a Pipe Cutting Machine.

Yardney Water Filtration Systems is actually a manufacturer of water filtration equipment for that agricultural, food, municipal and HVAC industries. In the 1960s, the company developed equipment to enable farmers inside the rich growing regions of Southern California to remove sand, silt, grit, algae and also other contaminants through the water supply. Up to now, pipe cutting machine has evolved greater than 100,000 standard and custom engineered water purification systems for its various customers.

Manufacturing of these systems starts by manufacturing three- to four-foot diameter pressure vessels from steel or steel, with holes in order to connect pipes that can move water with the filtration unit. Numerous pipes with holes must be cut before all the pieces may be welded together then painted.

Chris Phillips, v . p . and general manager of your Riverside, California-based company, says Yardney realizes its manufacturing processes have to be as efficient because the water purification systems it creates.

Recently, the corporation determined its existing plasma pipe cutting machine wasn’t offering the requisite throughput or cut quality. It had two major shortfalls. First, there wasn’t a great way to load and unload pipes into and out of the machine, which caused a production bottleneck. Second, it left a substantial amount of slag that would have to be manually ground off of the pipes just before welding operations. Furthermore, the appliance was experiencing increasingly frequent mechanical and electrical issues, contributing to high service costs and downtime.

Yardney considered various CNC plasma pipe-cutting options, ultimately choosing two Roto Hornet 1000 machines from Retro Systems with QuickPipe parametric pipe-cutting software, Hypertherm Maxpro200 air and oxygen plasma systems, and pneumatic pipe-handling systems.

The machines offered a number of advantages on the previous equipment. The Maxpro200 plasma cutting system, when combined with Roto Hornet’s improved motion control, leaves behind hardly any slag. This minimizes the quantity of manual grinding required to prepare pipes for subsequent welding operations. Positioning speed is 1,200 ipm compared to 100 ipm together with the previous equipment. Plus, a powerful fume extraction system captures smoke at the purpose of the cut so it does not contaminate the shop-keeping the organization in compliance with California Quality Of Air Management District regulations.

All of these features have made it feasible for Yardney to create a substantial selection of pipe cutting machine in an efficient length of time. Some cuts, like pipe notch cuts that will have got four hours using the old system, are finished in only a few minutes.

Programming is simpler compared to previous equipment’s DOS-based software, too. The QuickPipe parametric CAM software with graphical user interface (GUI) enables the user to configure various end types and intersection types being cut, including straight, miter, cope, slotted and branch cuts. The earlier equipment didn’t offer as much cut shapes, so some shapes had to be cut manually. To program a fresh job, an individual selects a pipe diameter and wall thickness, defines the “end 1” and “end 2” cuts (for each pipe end), and defines any intersecting pipes per their location and orientation. NC code is automatically produced from that information.

The corporation also found that Retro Systems’ pneumatic pipe-handling system enabled operators to quickly and safely load and unload pipe to optimize production. Staging racks 04dexspky full-length pipe and cut parts. Instead of loading merely one pipe at the same time, the company can load a lot of money of 5 to 6 pieces right away. Pneumatically adjustable steel wheels improved pipe-handling efficiency and provided the versatility to manage pipe which range from 1 to 14 inches in diameter while extracting smoke from the chuck.

Mr. Phillips is pleased with the benefits this tape binding machine offers. He strongly advocates spending some time to gauge one’s current manufacturing processes considering changing technology. “You have to get your company to be profitable,” Mr. Phillips says. “We’ve been doing that for the past 50 years, so we intend to utilize that strategy to remain in business for several years ahead.”

As Hair Studio – Enjoy Professional Service on All Concerns Regarding as Hair Studio.

Most of us are always inside a rush. We ensure that we awaken early to ensure we will not be late for work. However, there are specific activities where we ought to take our time. Once we take our time, the results of the work will be more satisfactory.

This really is when it comes to frisør Aarhus. Most women of our own generation do their own hair. Because of the accessibility of hair styling tools and do-it-yourself instructions, women today can easily change the looks of the hair. While the results is probably not as effective as these products inside the different hair studios, these devices can deliver impressive results.

The real key the following is to take your time. If you intend to use an alternative hairstyle for any certain day, awaken sooner than usual. This is due to the preparation you will require for the hair.

Prior to do any styling for your hair, ensure that you wash it thoroughly. Shampoo and condition it well. Hair conditioning is important in order that it will be easier for you to get rid of the tangles inside your hair. Rinse the hair well. This may remove unnecessary residues from using it.

Will not use hair blow dryers soon after washing the hair. Dry it using a towel first. Squeeze hair with it but will not rob. Robbing may cause more tangles in your hair. You may apply cream to your hair to safeguard it through the heat in the dryer. Divide it in sections and blow-dry hair a section at any given time.

For those who have a dry hair, blow-dry it to around 80%. Finish it through air-drying. This can reduce the chance of drying your hair even more. It will also help if you choose a good hair dryer. Ionic and ceramic hair dryers are two of the best choices for dry, fine, and simply damaged hair.

If you are curling or straightening hair with thermal devices, it is essential that you spray it having a protective cream. This may shield it from damage brought on by heat. Divide your own hair into sections and slowly work towards the small elements of the sections. It is far better to work on smaller parts of your hair mainly because it curls and straightens faster.

Using thermal devices in styling the hair risks hair to burns and damages. Usually do not expose it to too much heat to prevent this. Follow the level of heat needed for hair. Usually do not use it on high just because you will be very quickly. Usually do not punish hair because you need to curl it however, you forget to get up early. Should you will not do it properly, will not get it done by any means, as it will truly take a toll on the hair.

Even if your world we are living in today always seem to be in a big hurry, remember to invest some time in doing some things. This stuff include styling hair. Tend not to rush in utilizing your hair blow dryers or maybe the other thermal devices since it will simply cause damage to your own hair.

Always Travel Tuesday to the Middle East

International Terrorism

During the late 1970’s, international terrorism had reared its angry head (yes, nearly fifty years ago). As a Foreign Service radio technician my job was to provide two-way radio nets at American embassies and consulates between Athens and Karachi (this was before cell phones). The local telephone systems were unreliable. The two-way radio was the only means of communicating with the embassy during a terrorist event (many diplomats lived off post).

Monday was the absolute worst day to arrive at an American mission abroad. My job required interaction with all offices within the embassy. Everyone was busy catching up after the previous two to four days of reduced activity due to U.S. and local weekends. When traveling from my home base at Am Consul Karachi, Pakistan the flights heading west typically departed between midnight and three in the morning.

Third Country Nationals

I would arrive in the Middle East around eight or nine a.m. and head straight to the mission. The forty-some U.S. embassies and consulates that I supported were predominately Muslim. Most of the Islamic countries recognized Friday and Saturday as their weekend. However, some of them defined their weekend off as Thursday and Friday. To compound matters, to get into to Israel I had to use a separate diplomatic passport (the Arab countries would not allow me in with an Israeli visa). The weekend in Israel was Friday and Saturday. During all these “weekend” days American missions would be under staffed, as the TCN’s (Third Country Nationals) would be off.

Why did it matter to me whether the TCN’s were working or not? If I wanted to arrange travel, obtain visas, or work on the electronics in the Ambassador’s official vehicle, I needed support from travel office, motor pool and consular section. All were manned to a larger extent by TCN’s.

In regards to staffing by TCN’s (Third Country Nationals), some embassies, such as Am Embassy Athens, were practically run by the locals (the Greeks), while in others such as Am Consul Karachi the Pakistani locals were not so involved.

Middle East Scheduling

The U.S. weekend also affected my schedule. Often I would have to order equipment or discuss technical issues with my counterparts in Washington D.C. Communications between the U.S. and the Middle east during Saturday or Sunday proved more difficult.

One of our techs only traveled to the Middle East on Thursday. His philosophy was that if he didn’t get his work done then he had a built-in excuse. He took advantage of Arab countries Muslim holidays. When he flew into Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, though, he got angry when the restaurants were closed during the Ramadan holiday.

The end result, after factoring in the U.S. weekend was that American missions in the Middle East were at optimum operation Monday through Wednesday. Therefore I would prioritize my work to ensure I arrived at an embassy during these days. The following is a one-week trip schedule that emphasized radio system upgrades in Beirut and Athens:

Tuesday: Depart Karachi to Beirut (Lebanon) 1:00 a.m.
Wednesday: Beirut
Thursday: Amman (Jordan)
Friday: Nicosia (Cyprus)
Saturday: Tel Aviv (Israel)
Sunday: Athens (Greece)
Monday: Athens (depart late night)

Most of my Middle East trips were two to three weeks in duration and the schedule require creative thinking. I planned the trips using an ABC International Travel Guide (about the size of the New York City phone book) that listed all flights worldwide.

Another variable that affected my travel and work was international time. Typically, the Middle East time is seven hours ahead of Washington D.C. For example, when it is 8:00 a.m. in Washington D.C., it is 3:00 p.m. in Tel Aviv.

The Distinction Between Middle East Countries

The countries of the Middle East were not and are not the same. Yes, they were almost all Islamic. But to bundle them together was like referring to all Southeast Asian countries as Orientals (the difference between Japan and Viet Nam was night and day). The distinction between Islamic states is defined mainly by their tribe affiliation (there are hundreds) and their religious denomination within Islam. The two major denominations are the Sunnis and the Shiites. Because of these differences, there have been great divides within Arab nations. Historical tension between Saudi Arabia (Sunni) and Iran (Shiite) illustrates this divide. Foreign Service personnel needed to recognize and respect these differences when traveling through the region.

Have things changed today in the Middle East? Well, somewhat, although traditions are hard to change. Many of the Middle East countries have adopted Saturday and Sunday for their weekend… But one thing has not changed… Always travel Tuesday.